A microburst is a weather phenomenon that can occur during thunderstorms, characterized by a sudden and powerful downward burst of wind. Microbursts can be dangerous for aviation because they create sudden and strong changes in wind speed and direction, which can cause airplanes to lose altitude rapidly or even crash.
Microbursts are typically short-lived, lasting only a few minutes, but they can cause significant damage. They are caused by a column of sinking air within a thunderstorm that reaches the ground and spreads out in all directions upon impact. The air then rushes out in a powerful downdraft that can reach speeds of up to 150 miles per hour. The strong winds can cause damage to buildings, trees, and other structures, and can be dangerous for people caught outdoors.
Microbursts can be detected by Doppler radar and are often accompanied by heavy rain, lightning, and thunder. Pilots are trained to recognize and avoid microbursts during takeoff and landing, but they can still be a hazard even for experienced aviators.
Rain bomb captured in Queensland, Australia, by farmer Peter Thompson
Rare Wet Microburst
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